ELEAZAR

ELEAZAR
ELEAZAR (2nd cent. B.C.E.), martyr during the religious persecution instigated by Antiochus Epiphanes (167 B.C.E.). "Eleazar, one of the foremost scribes, well advanced in years," was compelled to eat swine's flesh, but chose "death with glory rather than life with pollution, and of his own free will was tortured" after refusing to so much as pretend to partake of the forbidden meat. The principal source of this story is II Maccabees 16:18–31, while IV Maccabees 5–6 offers an elaborated version of the original. Eleazar's martyrdom was subsequently extolled by the church fathers (Origen, Προτρεπτικὸς εὶς μαρτύριον, xxii–xxvii). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Maas, in: MGWJ, 44 (1900), 145–56; Schuerer, Hist, 28. (Isaiah Gafni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Eleazar — • Includes information on three uses of this name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Eleazar     Eleazar     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ELEAZAR — (in TJ usually Lazar) BEN PEDAT (d. 279), third century amora. He is the amora Eleazar mentioned without a patronymic. Scion of a priestly family (MK 28a), Eleazar was born in Babylon (Ber. 2:1, 4b). There he studied under samuel (Er. 66a), and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eleazar — Eléazar Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Eléazar est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Prénom et son origine 2 Personnages bibliques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eleazar — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Eleazar puede referirse a: Nombre propio Eleazar (nombre), nombre propio de género ambiguo. Personajes históricos Eleazar, Pintor español. Eleázar Garzón Eleazar Gómez Eleazar Guzmán Barron Eleazar Huerta Valcárcel… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eleazar — ist der Name folgender Personen: Eleazar ha Qappar, Tannait der 4. Generation Simeon ben Eleazar, Tannait der 4. Generation Eleazar de Carvalho (1912–1996), brasilianischer Komponist und Dirigent Eleazar López Contreras (1883–1973), Politiker und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ELEAZAR — (Heb. אֶלְעָזָר; God/El has aided ), high priest after aaron . Eleazar was Aaron s third son (Ex. 6:23); his older brothers Nadab and abihu perished after offering strange fire before the Lord (Lev. 10:1–7; Num. 3:4). During his father s lifetime …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELEAZAR — (Alatzar, Abenalazar), prominent Jewish family in the kingdom of Aragon in the Middle Ages. They were considered francos ( free ) for the special services which they had rendered to the kings of Aragon during the Christian Recon quest and as such …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eleazar — (or Elazar), (Hebrew Name|אֶלְעָזָר|Elʻazar|Elʻāzār| God has helped ) was a son of Aaron, a Levite priest and High Priest. His wife, a daughter of Putiel, bore him Phinehas. After the death of Nadab and Abihu, he was appointed to the charge of… …   Wikipedia

  • Eleazar — [el΄ē ā′zər] n. [LL(Ec) Eleazar < Gr(Ec) < Heb elazar, lit., God has helped] Bible Aaron s son and successor as high priest: Num. 20:28 …   English World dictionary

  • Eleazar — m Biblical: variant of ELIEZER (SEE Eliezer). See also LAZARUS (SEE Lazarus) …   First names dictionary

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